Pre-Design for Thesis

 

Architect Preeti Pansare

M. Arch. university of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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“We want to give ourselves the permission to explore lots of different possibilities, so that the right answer can reveal itself”

Patrice Martin, Co-lead and Creative Director, IDEO

We are all students of design. Our creations shape the daily experience of people who occupy the designed volume. A good design has to be conducive to a lively, comfortable and enriching existence for the users. To achieve this, the design has to be conceptually close to what the users would need, want and aspire. Human-centered design is a set of multidisciplinary practices where the designer starts by systematically understanding the users and comes up with solutions tailor made to their needs.

What is Pre-Design?

The main objective of Pre-Design is to create a process for ideation, before one ventures in the formal task of putting down a design on paper. Pre-design involves developing a framework and a language for the process of ideation. This process will take the student seamlessly into final design steps that would encompass collecting, analyzing and synthesizing the data that they would have collected. For this purpose, we need to find a new way of looking at combinations of old ideas.

The framework presented in this session, is constructed by application of concepts from the fields of cognitive psychology and behavioral economics.

Why Pre-Design?

An Architect designs and creates volumes that shape the daily experience of people, who occupy the designed volume. Viewed through this lens we see many instances, when lack of resolution during the planning process results in users being unable to appreciate and experience the designed volumes. 

To avoid this, Pre-Design proposes a scientific methodology to generate a user centered architectural design brief. Similar pre-design methods are commonly used in urban design, street navigation, product design, but are rarely used in architectural design.

Introduction

We start by looking at the dictionary definition of Pre-design.

Pre-Design

To make drawings, preliminary sketches, or plans.

This dictionary definition does not do justice to the act of pre-design. There is a methodical and scientific approach to the action of pre-design.

Let’s look at pre-design as 

PRE + DESIGN

Every single act needs to be designed and articulated well before implementation. Even the act of producing a brief is a systematic process of 

 

Design of Brief —-> Process of Design (Idea generation)

The end product, i.e, the design has to be conceptually close to what the users would

  • Need
  • Want
  • Aspire

With growing need for spaces to be inclusive and use friendly, one needs to understand the way the human brain works. The way certain decisions are made by the conscious and the way the other decisions are made by the non-conscious minds is an important field of study for designers.

An architect needs to understand the following aspects of human cognition :

  • How humans perceive the spaces and constructed structures
  • How spatial movements and use of volume are decided by the brain when put in that position
  • How do different humans react to the designed and planned volumes and voids.

ACEDGE Winter School – Thesis 101

The main objective of this session is to create a process for ideation, before one ventures in the formal task of putting down a design on paper. The result of the session would be to develop a framework and a language for the process of ideation. This process will take the student seamlessly in to final design steps that would encompass collecting, analyzing and synthesizing the data that they would have collected. For this purpose, we need to find a new way of looking at combinations of old ideas. The framework presented in this session, is constructed by application of concepts from the fields of cognitive psychology and behavioral economics. 

Click on the link below to join now!

https://www.acedge.in/bundles/winter-school

 

[1] http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pre-design

Reference

  • Emotional Design- Donald Norman
  • Thinking Fast, Thinking Slow- Daniel Kahneman
  • Design Thinking- Tim Brown

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