World Heritage Week 2018 – Institutions

Further in the studio –  Chaukhat Darwaza Jharokha

It was noteworthy to find many institutional heritage sites of varying scales and typology.  Colonization had a deep impact on Indian Architecture. While predominantly this influence was British, the Dutch, French and Portuguese also made their presence felt in Indian Architecture.  Listed below are some of the structures in this category selected by architects from different parts of the country.

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Simla Office (Indian Meteorological Department), Pune

Studied by Gayatri Deshmukh

A grand building was proposed on a 10-acre site close to Bhamburdavillage (as the area of Shivajinagar was then called). The building wasdesigned by architects Stevens and Partners, and the result was an imposingedifice with references to an older neoclassicism. A pastiche of elements from architectural styles across a centurycreates the grand facade, and the Corinthian capitals are stylized andflattened to suit the square columns. The architecture is a curious mix of19th-century classical revival and art deco, but constrained by localconditions. 

Municipal CorporationBuilding, Mumbai

Studied by Priyanka Talreja

Italian Gothic Architecture in golden-beige basalt exterior masonry

129 years old (Grade I heritage)

Municipal Corporationbuilding is an example if Bombay Gothic style of architecture- early Gothicwith an oriental influence. It is a part of the Fort precinct located in thesouth of Mumbai, opposite CSMT (VT) station.The Municipal Corporationbuilding sits on a corner plot in a V shaped site with the corner as a focalpoint- a tall facade capped with a dome- marking the intersection of two majorroads. It stands taller than the VT station with its minaret forms and bulbousdome. The gable façade has a porte-cochere below. 

Royal Opera House, Mumbai

Studied by Priyanka Talreja

Baroque style of architecture with pedimented façade and marble interiors

109 years old (Grade I heritage)

The Royal Opera Housebuilding is an example of grand Baroque style of architecture with opulent interiors, influenced by European and Indian architectural styles. It is a part of the OperaHouse precinct located in Charni Road, near Girgaum Chowpatty. 

The Royal Opera House sits on a corner plot abutting two roads, near the Kennedy bridge. The plot is surrounded by compound wall and wrought iron decorative railings on all sides.

The frontage of the OperaHouse building is adorned with shop front awnings, windows and projectingbalconies and it is topped with a sculptural pediment with cherubs on thepinnacle.


David Sassoon Library &Reading Room, Mumbai

Studied by Priyanka Talreja

Venetian Gothic Architecture in basalt stone exterior masonry

151 years old (Grade I heritage)

The Library building is anexample of High Gothic style with Venetian influence of arcaded façade. It isin the Kalaghoda precinct located in the south of Mumbai, next to Army &Navy building. The David Sassoon Librarybuilding forms part of an important ensemble of buildings looking across fromthe Rampart Row/ Kalaghoda. Above the entrance portico is a white stone bust ofDavid Sassoon, a Jewish philanthropist. The arcade on the ground floor forms acontinuous walkway corridor with the arcades on the adjoining buildings. Thebuilding is topped with a clock on the gable façade.  

LIC Oriental Building, Bengaluru, Karnataka

Studied by Roshni Muralidhara

European Classical Structure in stone

92 years old

This classical stone structure, formally known as the Oriental building was constructed in 1926 by the Madras Sappers regiment of the British Army stationed in the cantonment part of the city. It is situated at the significant junction of St.Mark’s Road and Mahatma Gandhi Road which forms a circle, previously known as the Oriental circle, now renamed as Anil Kumble circle. 

Mayo Hall, Bengaluru, Karnataka 

Studied by Roshni Muralidhara

European Classical Greco-Roman style structure in brick and mortar

135 years old

The construction of the Mayo hall building began in 1875 but it was not completed until 6 June 1883. The building was dedicated to Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo, popularly known as lord Mayo, the 4th Viceroy General of India for his contribution towards socio-economic reforms, education and infrastructure development in British India. It occupies a prominent location at the junction of Mahatma Gandhi Road and Residency Road. The building inititally served as the city municipality office but now houses a section of civil courts.

Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune

Studied by Anala Patwardhan

The building is an important research institute situated amidst the educational district of Pune. The nature of the activity and work here is such that the building remains secluded from the cacophony of the city. It is one of the few celebrated institutional buildings in the district of Pune. Over the years the Structure has seen additions in its campus with no direct physical contact with his main and first building.

Maharajah School of Art and Craft, Kishanpol Bazar Jaipur

Studied by Kalpana Pandit

190 years old, Rajput and colonial style

Building stretches about 70’ on main Market road, painted pink as per architectural code of the city. Being located in city core, shares territory with multiple urban activities. Entrance is well defined, well proportioned and multilayered. Although a solid façade, it is a courtyard building, suitable to local climate ,as per local traditional practice. Recently put to new use of museum

Institut Francais de Pondicherry 

Studied by Meenakshi Prasath

80 years old, established in 19 march 1955. Located in saintlouis street, holds a public library. In the early years intach pondicherrycollaborated with institute français de pondichéry (ifp) and Ecole francaised’extrême orient (efeo) on various projects. It was the late françoisel’hernault (1937-1999) of efeo who initiated the movement to protect thearchitectural heritage of pondicherry. This work is now being continued by ateam of dedicated architects, engineers and other interested persons. Thebuilding is designed in french style with double storey high ceiling and hugewindows, with wooden parquet flooring.

Stay tuned. We will return tomorrow with a selected collection of Religious Structures. 

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